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sos2tf.m

%% Copyright (C) 2005 Julius O. Smith III
%%
%% This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
%% it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
%% the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
%% (at your option) any later version.
%%
%% This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
%% but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
%% MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
%% GNU General Public License for more details.
%%
%% You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
%% along with this program; If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

%% -*- texinfo -*-
%% @deftypefn {Function File} { =} sos2tf (@var{sos}, @var{Bscale})
%% Convert series second-order sections to direct form @math{H(z) = B(z)/A(z)}.
%%
%% INPUTS:
%% @itemize
%%
%% @item
%% @var{sos} = matrix of series second-order sections, one per row:@*
%% @var{sos} = , where@*
%% @code{@var{B1}.'==[b0 b1 b2] and @var{A1}.'==[1 a1 a2]} for 
%% section 1, etc.@*
%% b0 must be nonzero for each section.@*
%% See @code{filter()} for documentation of the
%% second-order direct-form filter coefficients @var{B}i and @var{A}i.
%%
%% @item
%% @var{Bscale} is an overall gain factor that effectively scales
%% the output @var{B} vector (or any one of the input @var{B}i vectors).
%% @end itemize
%% 
%% RETURNED:
%% @var{B} and @var{A} are vectors specifying the digital filter @math{H(z) = B(z)/A(z)}.
%% See @code{filter()} for further details.
%% 
%% @seealso{tf2sos zp2sos sos2pz zp2tf tf2zp}
%% @end deftypefn

function [B,A] = sos2tf(sos,Bscale)

if nargin<2, Bscale=1; end
[N,M] = size(sos);
if M~=6, error('sos2tf: sos matrix should be N by 6'); end
A = 1;
B = 1;
for i=1:N
  B = conv(B, sos(i,1:3));
  A = conv(A, sos(i,4:6));
end
nB = length(B);
while nB & B(nB)==0, B=B(1:nB-1); nB=length(B); end
nA = length(A);
while nA & A(nA)==0, A=A(1:nA-1); nA=length(A); end
B = B * Bscale;

%!test
%! B=[1   1];
%! A=[1 0.5];
%! [sos,g] = tf2sos(B,A);
%! [Bh,Ah] = sos2tf(sos,g);
%! assert({Bh,Ah},{B,A},10*eps);

%!test
%! B=; 
%! A=;
%! [sos,g] = tf2sos(B,A);
%! [Bh,Ah] = sos2tf(sos,g);
%! assert({Bh,Ah},{B,A},100*eps);

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