Logo Search packages:      
Sourcecode: octave-signal version File versions  Download package

sos2zp.m

%% Copyright (C) 2005 Julius O. Smith III
%%
%% This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
%% it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
%% the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
%% (at your option) any later version.
%%
%% This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
%% but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
%% MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
%% GNU General Public License for more details.
%%
%% You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
%% along with this program; If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

%% -*- texinfo -*-
%% @deftypefn {Function File} { =} sos2zp (@var{sos}, @var{Bscale})
%% Convert series second-order sections to zeros, poles, and gains
%% (pole residues).
%%
%% INPUTS:@*
%% @itemize
%%
%% @item
%% @var{sos} = matrix of series second-order sections, one per row:@*
%% @var{sos} = , where@*
%% @code{@var{B1}.'==[b0 b1 b2] and @var{A1}.'==[1 a1 a2]} for 
%% section 1, etc.@*
%% b0 must be nonzero for each section.
%% See @code{filter()} for documentation of the
%% second-order direct-form filter coefficients @var{B}i and @var{A}i.
%%
%% @item
%% @var{Bscale} is an overall gain factor that effectively scales
%% any one of the input @var{B}i vectors.
%% @end itemize
%%
%% RETURNED:
%%   @itemize
%%   @item
%%   @var{z} = column-vector containing all zeros (roots of B(z))@*
%%   @item
%%   @var{p} = column-vector containing all poles (roots of A(z))@*
%%   @item
%%   @var{g} = overall gain = @var{B}(Inf)
%%   @end itemize
%% 
%% EXAMPLE:
%% @example
%%   [z,p,g] = sos2zp([1 0 1, 1 0 -0.81; 1 0 0, 1 0 0.49])
%%   => z = [i; -i; 0; 0], p = [0.9, -0.9, 0.7i, -0.7i], g=1
%% @end example
%%
%% @seealso{zp2sos sos2tf tf2sos zp2tf tf2zp}
%% @end deftypefn

function [z,p,g] = sos2zp(sos,Bscale)

if nargin<2, Bscale=1; end
gains = sos(:,1); % All b0 coeffs
g = prod(gains)*Bscale; % pole-zero gain
if g==0, error('sos2zp: one or more section gains is zero'); end
sos(:,1:3) = sos(:,1:3)./ [gains gains gains];

[N,m] = size(sos);
if m~=6, error('sos2zp: sos matrix should be N by 6'); end

z = zeros(2*N,1);
p = zeros(2*N,1);
for i=1:N
  ndx = [2*i-1:2*i];
  zi = roots(sos(i,1:3));
  z(ndx) = zi;
  pi = roots(sos(i,4:6));
  p(ndx) = pi;
end

%!test 
%! b1t=[1 2 3]; a1t=[1 .2 .3]; 
%! b2t=[4 5 6]; a2t=[1 .4 .5];
%! sos=[b1t a1t; b2t a2t];
%! z = [-1-1.41421356237310i;-1+1.41421356237310i;...
%!     -0.625-1.05326872164704i;-0.625+1.05326872164704i];
%! p = [-0.2-0.678232998312527i;-0.2+0.678232998312527i;...
%!      -0.1-0.538516480713450i;-0.1+0.538516480713450i];
%! k = 4;
%! [z2,p2,k2] = sos2zp(sos,1);
%! assert({cplxpair(z2),cplxpair(p2),k2},{z,p,k},100*eps);

Generated by  Doxygen 1.6.0   Back to index